Rating China Industrial Parks 


Discussion

To determine the overall value in the first category, the most important aspects of the host city are its GDP and transportation system. Most investors invest in cities of high GDP, that have a large market, well-developed infrastructure, comprehensive upstream and downstream industrial chains, a good financial system and a rich talent pool. In addition, they consider the geographic location of the city, the throughput of ports and airports, the logistics volume of the city and the city’s infrastructure for transportation.

 

Other factors, such as fixed asset investment, are related to GDP. The ratio of fixed asset investment to GDP is used instead of the investment value to exclude the effect of the economic size. The evaluation of foreign trade is similar.


The evaluation of the financial services in a city considers the gross loan balance of its financial institutions and the presence of foreign banks in the city. The natural resource reserves factor is based on the availability of resources such as minerals, energy sources, agricultural products, forest products and marine products in the province in which the city is located. 


Top 10 Cities by Score in the First Category

 

Rank

City

GDP

GDP Growth (%)

Fixed Asset Investment

Foreign Trade

Financial Services

Land Resources

Transportation

1

Shanghai

10.00

4.12

3.54

8.56

10.00

0.01

9.97

2

Tianjin

8.33

6.97

5.90

7.29

7.58

2.96

10.00

3

Qingdao

7.55

5.78

4.98

7.19

6.74

5.64

9.60

4

Shenzhen

8.78

5.31

0.00

9.58

8.82

3.84

8.50

5

Guangzhou

8.89

5.40

1.74

6.80

7.99

3.84                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

8.84

6

Dalian

7.25

6.97

7.00

2.96

6.66

10.00

9.52

7

Yantai

7.00

5.94

6.24

6.84

4.88

5.64

8.74

8

Ningbo

7.31

4.34

4.74

7.91

4.78

0.79

9.08

9

Suzhou

8.45

5.69

4.11

9.33

6.98

1.49

6.72

10

Beijing

9.42

3.72

3.77

8.77

9.38

0.50

5.68


Source: China Knowledge, National Bureau of Statistics


Top 10 Cities by GDP

 


 

Source: National Bureau of Statistics

 

Top 10 Cities by Fixed Asset Investment

 

 


Source: National Bureau of Statistics


Top 10 Cities by Foreign Trade

 

 


Source: National Bureau of Statistics

 

Top 10 Cities by Loan Balance

 

 


Source: National Bureau of Statistics

 

Top 10 Provinces by Resource Reserves


 

 

Source: China Knowledge, National Bureau of Statistics

Note: The score is calculated from the reserves of minerals, energy sources, agricultural products, forest products, marine products, etc.

 

Top 10 Cites by Transportation System

 


 

Source: China Knowledge, National Bureau of Statistics

Note: The score is calculated from transportation condition of air, railway, road and waterway.

 

Top 10 Industrial Parks by Value-added Industrial Output in 2008

Rank

Name

Value-added Industrial Output (RMB billion)

1

 

Tianjin Economic-technological Development Zone (including Tianjin Port Export Processing Zone)

85.2

 

2

Guangzhou Development District

84.1

3

Zhongguancun Science Park

71.9

4

Kunshan Economic and Technological Development Zone

69.3

5

Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone

66.7

6

China-Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park (including Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone)

62.8

7

Shanghai Songjiang Export Processing Zone

62.1

8

Wuhan East Lake High-tech Park

53.1

9

Chengdu High-tech Industrial Development Zone (including Chengdu Export Processing Zone)

52.0

10

Yantai Economic and Technological Development Zone

50.5

Source: China Knowledge

 

 Top 10 Industrial Parks by Export Value in 2008


Rank

Name

FDI (US$ billion)

1

Kunshan Economic and Technological Development Zone

33.1

2

China-Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park (including Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone)

31.1

3

Shanghai Songjiang Export Processing Zone

28.4

4

Kunshan Export Processing Zone

24.4

5

Suzhou New District (including Suzhou New District Export Processing Zone)

23.6

6

Shanghai Caohejing High-tech Industrial Development Zone

20.9

7

Zhongguancun Science Park

20.7

8

Wuxi New District (Formerly Wuxi High-tech Industrial Dvelopment Zone)

17.4

9

Tianjin Economic-technological Development Zone (including Tianjin Port Export Processing Zone)

17.1

10

Shanghai Caohejing Export Processing Zone

13.8

Source: China Knowledge

 

Top 10 Cities by Industrial Land Costs


Rank

Name

Minimum Transfer Price of Industrial Land (RMB/m2)

1

Shenzhen

1,487

2

Wenzhou

1,323

3

Shanghai

1,217

4

Beijing

1,187

5

Nanjing

1,023

6

Xiamen

805

7

Cixi

789

8

Ningbo

789

9

Qingdao

764

10

Lanzhou

716

Source: China Knowledge

 

The value-added industrial output of an industrial park and the amount of FDI attracted are the most important contributors to the overall value of the second category.

 

The third category, investment costs, recognizes the competitive advantage of cities where land, utility and labor costs are lower. Industrial parks in advanced regions such as Shanghai, Beijing, and Shenzhen have substantially higher costs than parks in other regions.

 

The value of the fourth category, the availability of university students and workers with high-level skills, can be estimated from enrollment in universities and technical schools. In this category, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Nanjing and Tianjin ranked highest.

 

The last category, management and administration, generally known as the city’s “soft environment,” includes four factors: administration, promotion of investment, IPR protection, and environmental protection. Industrial parks in coastal regions generally enjoy more open management styles and tend to be more efficient and transparent. Industrial parks in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Suzhou, Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Hangzhou and Dalian are among the best in terms of management and administrative factors.

 

Value-added industrial output, exports and transportation are the most important factors for manufacturing enterprises, but R&D companies have different priorities. The factors they are most interested in are the supply and cost of human resources, value-added output and IPR protection. The difference is reflected in the weights used in the rating system.

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