parks in China are of varying sizes and are at different levels and stages of
industrial parks are located within other industrial parks. For instance,
Export Processing Zones (EPZs) are subsumed under ETDZs or HIDZs, in order that
they may leverage the established facilities and resources of the enterprises
in the ETDZ and HIDZ. Hence, some EPZs are not graded individually, but as a
part of the larger ETDZ or HIDZ within which they are located.
Software Development Parks (SDPs) and University Science Parks (USPs) are
usually located within a High-tech Industrial Development Zone or High-tech
Park (HIDZ). SDPs and USPs are thus also not given individual gradings. Rather,
it is the respective HIDZs or HIDZs in which they are located that are rated,
taking into consideration the contributions of these SDPs and USPs.
more unique case is that of Guangzhou Development District. It administers four
state-level development zones: an ETDZ, an HIDZ, an FTZ and an EPZ. In this
case, the district is graded as a whole, rather than as four different zones.
Economic Cooperation Zones are specifically designed for border trade and
export-processing business. Because they are economically small and located in
remote areas, they are excluded from our rating system.
Resorts are specifically designed for tourism. They are also excluded from our
of the Rating System hence encompasses ETDZs, HIDZs, EPZs and FTZs.