Introduction to China Industrial Parks 


HIDZs

High-tech Industrial Development Zones

 

In the late 1980s, the Ministry of Science and Technology initiated a program called the “Torch Program.” The main objective of this program is to utilize the technological capacity and resources of research institutes, universities and large and medium-sized enterprises to develop new high-technology products and expedite the commercialization of innovations.

 

The program manifested itself in the establishment of High-tech Industrial Development Zones (HIDZs). These zones expedite technology diffusion and create synergies among academic and financial institutions, and corporations. In 1988, the first HIDZ was established in Zhongguancun, a small area in northwest Beijing. So far there are 54 state-level HIDZs in China, 28 in coastal regions and 26 in the hinterland.

 

Although the primary goal was to introduce advanced technologies on a continuous basis, some HIDZs were given the privilege of offering preferential tax policies even to enterprises not in high-tech fields. Many of them function like an ETDZ.

 

State-level High-tech Industrial Development Zones (HIDZs)

 

 Coastal Regions

Region

Names of HIDZs

Beijing

• Zhongguancun

Shanghai

• Zhangjiang

Tianjin

• Tianjin

Fujian

 

• Xiamen Torch

• Fuzhou

Guangdong

 

• Guangzhou    • Zhuhai   

• Shenzhen      • Foshan

• Zhongshan Torch

• Huizhou Zhongkai

Hainan

• Haikou

Hebei

• Shijiazhuang • Baoding

Jiangsu

 

• Nanjing         • Changzhou

• Suzhou New District

• Wuxi New District

Liaoning

 

• Shenyang

• Anshan

• Dalian

Shandong

 

• Jinan

• Qingdao

• Weihai

• Weifang

• Zibo

Zhejiang

• Hangzhou      • Ningbo

 

Hinterland

Region

Names of HIDZs

Chongqing

• Chongqing

Anhui

• Hefei

Gansu

• Lanzhou

Guangxi

• Guilin            • Nanning

Guizhou

• Guiyang

Heilongjiang

• Harbin           • Daqing

Henan

• Zhengzhou   • Luoyang

Hubei

 

• Wuhan East Lake

• Xiangfan

Hunan

• Zhuzhou      • Changsha

Inner Mongolia

• Baotou

Jiangxi

• Nanchang

Jilin

• Jilin             • Changchun

Shaanxi

 

• Xi’an           • Baoji

• Yangling Agriculture

  (in Xi’an)

Shanxi

• Taiyuan

Sichuan

• Chengdu      • Mianyang

Xinjiang

• Urumqi

Yunnan

• Kunming

Source: China Knowledge

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