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Meizhou (Guangdong) City Information

Major Economic Indicators (2012)
    Land Area (km2)     15,925 (Ranking)
   Population(million)     5.2 (Ranking)
    GDP (RMB billion)     74.6 (Ranking)
    GDP Composition
          Primary Industry (Agriculture)     21.3%
          Secondary Industry
(Industry & Construction)
    36.4%
          Tertiary Industry (Service)     42.3%
    GDP Per Capita (RMB)     17,425 (Ranking)
    Unemployment Rate     2.4%
    Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)     23.01 (Ranking)
    Actually Utilized FDI (USD million)     119 (Ranking)
    Total Import & Export (USD million)     1,503 (Ranking)
          Export (USD million)     1,270 (Ranking)
          Import (USD million)     233 (Ranking)
    Sales of Social Consumer Goods (RMB billion)     40.35 (Ranking)
Source: Meizhou Economic and Social Development Report 2012

 
Introduction
 
Meizhou, a prefecture-level city in the northeastern part of Guangdong Province, is situated at the juncture of Guangdong Province, Jiangxi Province and Fujian Province. It borders Fujian Province to the east, Chaozhou, Jieyang and Shanwei to the south, Heyuan to the west and Jiangxi Province to the north. It covers an area of 15,925 sq km and has a population of 5.2 million.

The city is about 400 km from the special economic zone, Shenzhen, and the provincial capital city, Guanghzhou. The Guangzhou-Meizhou Railway, State Highway 205 and State Highway 206 run through the city and link it with other major cities in Guangdong Province. Meizhou Meixian Airport, located in Sanjiao Town, offers regular flights to Guangzhou and Hong Kong.

Meizhou has a subtropical monsoon climate, with an average temperature above 20?. The city is rich in mineral resources, such as coal, iron, copper, manganese and lead. The proven iron ore reserves in the city exceed 270 million tons. The reserves of iron and manganese in Meizhou comprise 30% and 20% of Guangdong Province's total, respectively.
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Economic Features
 
Meizhou's economy has been experiencing strong growth since 2000. The GDP of the city soared 10.7% from a year earlier to RMB 74.6 billion in 2012. It contributed about 1.3% of Guangdong's economy.

The service sector, the largest contributor to the economy, contributed 42.3% of the city's GDP. The agricultural sector and the industrial sector made up 21.3% and 36.4% of the city's economy, respectively.

Tobacco, electric power supply and production, construction materials, electronic information industry, electrical manufacturing and mining processing are the mainstream industries in the city.

The industrial value added output from these industries added up to RMB 13.16 billion, accounting for 86.64% of the city's total industrial value added output from enterprises with designated size and above.

Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Stock Co. Ltd, Guangdong Tapai Group, Guangdong Weihua Group, Meizhou Cigarettes Plant of China Tobacco (Guangdong) Industrial Corp and Guangdong Mingzhu Group are the city’s leading firms in their respective industries.

Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Stock Co. Ltd, listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange in 1997, is a major new energy electric power producer and supplier in Guangdong. The net profit of this company was RMB 451 million in 2012, representing an increase of 165.5% year on year.

Guangdong Tapai Group, set up in 1995 in Meizhou, specializes in construction materials production and supply. With 9 middle and large sized production lines, the group had sales revenue of RMB3.49 billion in 2012.

In 2012, the city attracted over 14.58 million tourists, up 28.7% year on year, while the tourism income was RMB 15.01 billion, rising 29.0% year on year.

The foreign trade value in Meizhou totaled US$1.5 billion in 2012, including export value of US$1.27 billion and import value of US$233 million. In 2012, Meizhou approved 176 foreign-funded projects. The utilized FDI in the city rose 16.5% to US$119 million.
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Cultural Highlights
 
Meizhou derives its name from the Mei River and the plentiful plum blossoms in the city. The city is a residence of the Hakka people, who moved from central China to the region during the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC) and the Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220). During the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (AD907-960), the region was a prefecture city called Jingzhou. During the Northern Song Dynasty (AD960-1127), it was changed into Meizhou. Then it bore several names until 1988, when it was renamed Meizhou City.
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Tourist Attraction
 
Meizhou is rich in cultural and historical features. Lingguang Temple, which was originally built during the Tang Dynasty (AD618-907), is located at the foot of Yinna Mountain, about 46 km from the city center of Meizhou. It has a history of over 1,200 years. Lianfang Tower, also known as Huaqiao Weiwu, is a residence of the Hakka. It was constructed by the overseas Chinese during the Qing Dynasty (AD1644-1911). It combined the traditional Hakka siege tower and western styles. Other famous tourist attractions are the Qian Fo Pagoda (thousand-Buddha Pagoda) and Huangfengwo Cha Shan (Huang Feng Wo Tea Mountain).

Meizhou is well known for Hakka cuisine, which includes dishes such as Yan Ju Ji (salt baked chicken), Niang Dou Fu (stuffed Bean-curd with mashed pork and shrimps), Steamed Sliced Pork with Preserved Vegetables and Fried Young Duck.
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Honors

"UN-Habitat Best Practice" (2004)
- United States

"National Historical and Cultural City" (1994)
- State Council of P.R. China

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