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Huizhou (Guangdong) City Information

Major Economic Indicators (2012)
    Land Area (km2)     11,200 (Ranking)
   Population(million)     4.67 (Ranking)
    GDP (RMB billion)     236.8 (Ranking)
    GDP Composition
          Primary Industry (Agriculture)     5.4%
          Secondary Industry
(Industry & Construction)
    58.1%
          Tertiary Industry (Service)     36.5%
    GDP Per Capita (RMB)     50,884 (Ranking)
    Unemployment Rate     2.35%
    Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)     120.87 (Ranking)
    Actually Utilized FDI (USD million)     1,730 (Ranking)
    Total Import & Export (USD million)     49,500 (Ranking)
          Export (USD million)     29,200 (Ranking)
          Import (USD million)     20,300 (Ranking)
    Sales of Social Consumer Goods (RMB billion)     75.42 (Ranking)
Source: Huizhou Economic and Social Development Report 2012

 
Introduction
 
Huizhou is located in the south-eastern part of Guangdong Province and in the north-eastern part of the Pearl River Delta. Facing the Dayawan Bay in the south, the city neighbors Guangzhou to the west, Shenzhen and Dongguan to the south-west. It covers an area of 11,200 km², comprising one quarter of the total land area of the Pearl River Delta.

Huizhou Port, one of the major coastal ports in China, has 76 berths, 15 of which have a cargo handling-capacity of over 10,000 tons. In 2012, Huizhou Port handled 4.12 million TEUs. Though Huizhou Airport is currently closed to civil usage, the city can still be reached easily by way of Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, which are within one-and-a-half hour’s drive from the city. Huizhou is also easily accessible by railway and highways; Beijing-Kowloon Railway, connecting Beijing with Hong Kong, goes through the city. Guangzhou-Huizhou Highway and Huizhou-Dayawan Highway link Huizhou with other major cities in the Pearl River Delta.

There are three universities and thirty-nine vocational schools in Huizhou. The number of enrolled students at the university and the vocational schools reached 24,300 and 97,8521 in 2012, respectively.
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Economic Features
 
In 2012, the GDP of Huizhou edged up 12.6% year on year to RMB 236.8 billion, ranking sixth  among all the cities in Guangdong Province. The largest contributor was the secondary sector, which gained added value of RMB 137.54 billion, accounting for 58.1% of Huizhou’s economy.

Electronics and petrochemicals are the major industries in the city. In 2012, these two industries realized value-added industrial output of RMB 44.04 billion and RMB 31.15 billion, accounting for 38% and 26.9% of the city’s total. The largest firms in Huizhou include TCL, Desay, Qiaoxing and Foryou Group, all of which specialize in telecommunication equipment and electronic products-manufacturing.

In 2012, the total foreign trade value in Huizhou up 27.5% from the previous year to US$49.5 billion, including US$20.3 billion worth of imports and US$29.2 billion worth of exports. The mainstream exports are mechanical and electronic products, which accounted for about 83.4% of the total export value of Huizhou. The major export destinations consist of Hong Kong, Japan, the U.S., the E.U. , the South Korea and countries in South and East Asia, with exports to these regions and countries comprising 87.1% of Huizhou’s total exports in 2012.

Huizhou approved 327 foreign-funded projects in 2012. The FDI into the city amounted to US$2.65 billion in 2012, up 22.5% year on year, while the utilized FDI exceeded US$1.73 billion, up 10.2% year on year. Over 75.8% of the FDI went to the second sector, while the largest part of the utilized FDI came from Hong Kong. The utilized FDI from Hong Kong dropped 6.4% to US$1.09 million in 2012, comprising 62.89% of the total utilized FDI in the city. Examples of Hong Kong-based firms in Huizhou include Hutchison Whampoa, Ten Pao International and SKP.
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Cultural Highlights
 
Huizhou’s history extends back to the Neolithic Age, when human beings first began to live in this area. In the Sui Dynasty (AD581-618), Xunzhou was set up in the territory that is now known as Huizhou. It was then given the name Huizhou during Song Dynasty (AD960-1279). Huizhou’s culture is part of Lingnan Culture, which features open-up and integration of multi-cultures.
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Tourist Attraction
 
Due to its long history, Huizhou has rich historical and cultural heritages. Pinghai Ancient City is the most popular tourist spot among the cities. It is located in Huidong County and has a history of spanning back over six-hundred years. The Yao ethnic minority group in Longmen County is an excellent attraction, showing the tourists special customs and traditions. Huizhou also has rich natural scenic resources, such as Luofu Mountain, West Lake (as famous as the West Lake in Hangzhou), Xunliao Bay, and many hot springs. Guangdong Cuisine prevails in Huizhou; the most famous snacks in Huizhou include Wonton, Grilled Goose, Steamed Vermicelli Roll and Grilled Meat Bun.
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Major Development Zones
 

There are three state-level development zones in Huizhou.

Name
Area (km²)
Pillar Industries
GDP in 2010
(RMB billion)
Huizhou Dayawan Economic and Technological Development Zone
23.60
Information technology, steel, energy, paper-making, petrochemicals, logistics
33
Huizhou Zhongkai High-tech Industrial Development Zone
7.06
Information technology, optical-mechanical-electronic integration
N.A.
Huizhou Export Processing Zone
3.00
(Under Construction)
N.A.
Source: National Development and Reform Commission
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Honors

"National Hygienic City" (2006)
- Ministry of Health of P. R. China

"National Garden City" (2003)
- Ministry of Construction of P.R. China

"National Environmental Protection Model City" (2002)
- National Environmental Protection Bureau of P.R. China

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